Probiotics for Gut Health
Probiotics are live microorganisms that have health benefits when consumed, providing benefits to your body and brain. These probiotics help to improve digestive health, reduce and boost immunity. Probiotics can be obtained from the diet but can also be obtained with probiotic supplements.
“The composition of our gut microbiota and its activity as a microbial community is closely related to our health and well-being.”
What are probiotics for gut health?
Probiotics for gut health are live microorganisms, such as bacteria and yeasts, found naturally in the human gastrointestinal tract. These beneficial bacteria form what is known as the intestinal microbiota or gut flora and must always be in balance to maintain good digestive health.
Probiotics can be found in some foods, such as yogurt, kefir and sauerkraut, and are also available in supplement form. When consumed, probiotics can colonize the gut and improve the composition of the gut microbiota, which can provide a number of health benefits, such as improved digestion, strengthening the immune system, reducing inflammation and preventing antibiotic-associated diarrhea, among others.
It is important to note that the benefits of probiotics vary according to the species and strain of microorganism. Just as there are intestinal probiotics, there are also vaginal probiotics with their own strains that normally live in the woman’s vagina.
How do probiotics act on the intestinal microbiota?
Probiotics for gut health act on the intestinal flora in several ways. First, they can colonize the gut and compete with pathogenic bacteria and other harmful microorganisms, which helps maintain a healthy balance of intestinal microbiota. They can also produce organic acids and other substances that inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria and promote the growth of beneficial bacteria.
In addition, probiotics can stimulate the immune system, both locally in the gut and throughout the body, helping to support immune health and thus helping to prevent infection and disease.
Probiotics can also improve food digestion and nutrient absorption, which can improve overall health.
Probiotics also have the ability to modulate the inflammatory response. Some strains of probiotics for gut health reduce intestinal inflammation, which may be beneficial in treating disorders such as inflammatory bowel disease.
How do they differ from prebiotics?
As explained above, probiotics are live microorganisms, while prebiotics are non-digestible compounds found in some foods, such as dietary fiber, that stimulate the growth and activity of beneficial bacteria in the gut.
In short, a prebiotic is the food of the probiotic.
In summary, probiotics are microorganisms that colonize the intestine and prebiotics are compounds that are not digestible by humans but are digestible by the good microorganisms in the intestine, causing them to proliferate and giving rise to their beneficial effects on digestive and general health.
What are gut health probiotics used for?
Probiotics for gut health have several advantages and potential fields of application in human health. Some of the most prominent benefits from taking them are:
Are gut probiotics safe?
In general, probiotics for gut health are safe for most people and offer a number of health benefits.
In some cases some people may experience mild gastrointestinal side effects, such as gas, bloating or diarrhea that disappear within a few days.
People with weakened immune systems should avoid taking probiotics as well as seriously ill people who should first consult with their specialist.
What are the best probiotics for gut health?
iIf you want to see a selection of the 40 best probiotics for gut health, click here.
Pharmacist – Complutense University – Madrid – Spain
Diploma in Ophthalmic Optics and Optometry – Univ. of Barcelona – Spain.
Other Types of Probiotics